Men’s Health Week 2018 – Men and Smoking

14th June 2018

According to the Men’s Health Forum in Ireland smoking is the biggest single cause of untimely death amongst men in Ireland. Indeed, worldwide it has killed more people than both World Wars put together!

Smoking is also implicated in the occurrence of Cluster Headache. In an article published in Functional Neurology Medical Magazine in 2016,  Dr. Paolo Rossi, Neurologist and Cluster Headache expert from the Headache Clinic INI Grottaferrata (Rome), Italy said “Research has shown that nearly all cluster headache patients are heavy smokers. Although stopping smoking does not ease the cluster headache, heavy smokers are at an increased risk of developing chronic cluster headache, so giving up smoking or cutting down is worth considering.”

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5115234/

As most people with CH know, Oxygen is one of the most efficient treatment for attacks, but some sufferers have been refused oxygen at home because they are smokers. The dangers of smoking when using oxygen should not be ignored. See this warning from the London Respiratory Network

It is estimated that around 60% of CH patients smoke. 1 in 4 oxygen related domestic fires results in death and 1 in 3 results in serious injury therefore patient education and risk assessment are crucial aspects of safe home oxygen prescription. Patients should be informed of their responsibility to use oxygen safely, including abstinence from smoking while on oxygen and of the reasons for this.”  (please note that the availability of Oxygen mentioned in the London Respiratory Network link relates to Britain and not Ireland)

So if you smoke and have Cluster Headache now might be a good time to think about giving up.

According to the Men’s Health Forum in Ireland “While some men continue to smoke, it is less common than it was in the past. Have a think during #MensHealthWeek this year … do you need to take one small step towards quitting? If you would like to live longer, have more energy, feel less stressed, have better sex, strengthen your body’s immune system … think about kicking the habit. There’s loads of help available. Start by checking out www.quit.ie or www.want2stop.info

The very moment that you stop smoking your health starts to improve.”

Have a look at this chart from Why Quit in the US

“The body’s ability to mend is beauty to behold!

Within …
20 mins
  • Your blood pressure, pulse rate and the temperature of your hands and feet have returned to normal.
8 hours
  • Remaining nicotine in your bloodstream has fallen to 6.25% of normal peak daily levels, a 93.75% reduction.
12 hours
  • Your blood oxygen level has increased to normal. Carbon monoxide levels have dropped to normal.
24 hours
  • Anxieties have peaked in intensity and within two weeks should return to near pre-cessation levels.
48 hours
  • Damaged nerve endings have started to regrow and your sense of smell and taste are beginning to return to normal. Cessation anger and irritability will have peaked.
72 hours
  • Your entire body will test 100% nicotine-free. Over 90% of all nicotine metabolites (the chemicals nicotine breaks down into) have passed from your body via your urine. Symptoms of chemical withdrawal have peaked in intensity, including restlessness. Unless use cues have been avoided, the number of cue induced crave episodes experienced during any quitting day have peaked for the “average” ex-user. Lung bronchial tubes leading to air sacs (alveoli) are beginning to relax in recovering smokers. Breathing is becoming easier and your lung’s functional abilities are improving.
5 – 8 days
10 days
10 days – 2 weeks
  • Recovery has likely progressed to the point where your addiction is no longer doing the talking. Blood circulation in your gums and teeth are now similar to that of a non-user.
2 – 4 weeks
  • Cessation related anger, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, impatience, insomnia, restlessness and depression have ended. If still experiencing any of these symptoms get seen and evaluated by your physician.
2 weeks – 3 months
  • Your heart attack risk has started to drop. Your lung function has noticeably improved. If your health permits, sample your circulation and lung improvement by walking briskly, climbing stairs or running further or faster than normal.
21 days
  • The number of acetylcholine receptors, which were up-regulated in response to nicotine’s presence in the frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital, basal ganglia, thalamus, brain stem and cerebellum regions of your brain have now substantially down-regulated. Receptor binding has returned to levels seen in the brains of non-smokers (2007 study).
3 weeks – 3 months
  • Your circulation has substantially improved. Walking has become easier. Your chronic cough, if any, has likely disappeared. If not, get seen by a doctor, and sooner if at all concerned, as a chronic cough can be a sign of lung cancer.
4 weeks
  • Plasma suPAR is a stable inflammatory biomarker that helps predict development of diseases ranging from diabetes to cancer in smokers. A 2016 study found that within 4 weeks of quitting smoking, with or without NRT, that suPAR levels in 48 former smokers had fallen from a baseline smoking median of 3.2 ng/ml to levels “no longer significantly different from the never smokers’ values” (1.9 ng/ml)
8 weeks
  • Insulin resistance in smokers has normalized despite average weight gain of 2.7 kg (2010 SGR, page 384).
1 – 9 months
  • Any smoking related sinus congestion, fatigue or shortness of breath has decreased. Cilia have regrown in your trachea (windpipe) thereby increasing the ability to sweep dirt and mucus out of your lungs. Your body’s overall energy has increased.
1 year
5 years
  • Your risk of a subarachnoid hemorrhage has declined to 59% of your risk while still smoking (2012 study). If a female ex-smoker, your risk of developing diabetes is now that of a non-smoker (2001 study).
5 to 15 years
  • Your risk of stroke has declined to that of a non-smoker.
10 years
  • Your risk of being diagnosed with lung cancer is between 30% to 50% of that for a continuing smoker (2005 study). Risk of death from lung cancer has declined by almost half if you were an average smoker (one pack per day).  Risk of cancer of the mouth, throat, esophagus and pancreas have declined. Risk of developing diabetes for both men and women is now similar to that of a never-smoker (2001 study).
13 years
  • The average smoker lucky enough to live to age 75 has 5.8 fewer teeth than a non-smoker (1998 study). But by year 13 after quitting, your risk of smoking induced tooth loss has declined to that of a never-smoker (2006 study).
15 years
  • Your risk of coronary heart disease is now that of a person who has never smoked. Your risk of pancreatic cancer has declined to that of a never-smoker (2011 study – but note a 2nd pancreatic study making an identical finding at 20 years).
20 years
  • If a female, your excess risk of death from all smoking related causes, including lung disease and cancer, has now reduced to that of a never-smoker (2008 study). Risk of pancreatic cancer has also declined to that of a never-smoker (2011 study).”

 

Men’s Health Week 2018 – Men and Smoking

14th June 2018

According to the Men’s Health Forum in Ireland smoking is the biggest single cause of untimely death amongst men in Ireland. Indeed, worldwide it has killed more people than both World Wars put together!

Smoking is also implicated in the occurrence of Cluster Headache. In an article published in Functional Neurology Medical Magazine in 2016,  Dr. Paolo Rossi, Neurologist and Cluster Headache expert from the Headache Clinic INI Grottaferrata (Rome), Italy said “Research has shown that nearly all cluster headache patients are heavy smokers. Although stopping smoking does not ease the cluster headache, heavy smokers are at an increased risk of developing chronic cluster headache, so giving up smoking or cutting down is worth considering.”

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5115234/

As most people with CH know, Oxygen is one of the most efficient treatment for attacks, but some sufferers have been refused oxygen at home because they are smokers. The dangers of smoking when using oxygen should not be ignored. See this warning from the London Respiratory Network

It is estimated that around 60% of CH patients smoke. 1 in 4 oxygen related domestic fires results in death and 1 in 3 results in serious injury therefore patient education and risk assessment are crucial aspects of safe home oxygen prescription. Patients should be informed of their responsibility to use oxygen safely, including abstinence from smoking while on oxygen and of the reasons for this.”  (please note that the availability of Oxygen mentioned in the London Respiratory Network link relates to Britain and not Ireland)

So if you smoke and have Cluster Headache now might be a good time to think about giving up.

According to the Men’s Health Forum in Ireland “While some men continue to smoke, it is less common than it was in the past. Have a think during #MensHealthWeek this year … do you need to take one small step towards quitting? If you would like to live longer, have more energy, feel less stressed, have better sex, strengthen your body’s immune system … think about kicking the habit. There’s loads of help available. Start by checking out www.quit.ie or www.want2stop.info

The very moment that you stop smoking your health starts to improve.”

Have a look at this chart from Why Quit in the US

“The body’s ability to mend is beauty to behold!

Within …
20 mins
  • Your blood pressure, pulse rate and the temperature of your hands and feet have returned to normal.
8 hours
  • Remaining nicotine in your bloodstream has fallen to 6.25% of normal peak daily levels, a 93.75% reduction.
12 hours
  • Your blood oxygen level has increased to normal. Carbon monoxide levels have dropped to normal.
24 hours
  • Anxieties have peaked in intensity and within two weeks should return to near pre-cessation levels.
48 hours
  • Damaged nerve endings have started to regrow and your sense of smell and taste are beginning to return to normal. Cessation anger and irritability will have peaked.
72 hours
  • Your entire body will test 100% nicotine-free. Over 90% of all nicotine metabolites (the chemicals nicotine breaks down into) have passed from your body via your urine. Symptoms of chemical withdrawal have peaked in intensity, including restlessness. Unless use cues have been avoided, the number of cue induced crave episodes experienced during any quitting day have peaked for the “average” ex-user. Lung bronchial tubes leading to air sacs (alveoli) are beginning to relax in recovering smokers. Breathing is becoming easier and your lung’s functional abilities are improving.
5 – 8 days
10 days
10 days – 2 weeks
  • Recovery has likely progressed to the point where your addiction is no longer doing the talking. Blood circulation in your gums and teeth are now similar to that of a non-user.
2 – 4 weeks
  • Cessation related anger, anxiety, difficulty concentrating, impatience, insomnia, restlessness and depression have ended. If still experiencing any of these symptoms get seen and evaluated by your physician.
2 weeks – 3 months
  • Your heart attack risk has started to drop. Your lung function has noticeably improved. If your health permits, sample your circulation and lung improvement by walking briskly, climbing stairs or running further or faster than normal.
21 days
  • The number of acetylcholine receptors, which were up-regulated in response to nicotine’s presence in the frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital, basal ganglia, thalamus, brain stem and cerebellum regions of your brain have now substantially down-regulated. Receptor binding has returned to levels seen in the brains of non-smokers (2007 study).
3 weeks – 3 months
  • Your circulation has substantially improved. Walking has become easier. Your chronic cough, if any, has likely disappeared. If not, get seen by a doctor, and sooner if at all concerned, as a chronic cough can be a sign of lung cancer.
4 weeks
  • Plasma suPAR is a stable inflammatory biomarker that helps predict development of diseases ranging from diabetes to cancer in smokers. A 2016 study found that within 4 weeks of quitting smoking, with or without NRT, that suPAR levels in 48 former smokers had fallen from a baseline smoking median of 3.2 ng/ml to levels “no longer significantly different from the never smokers’ values” (1.9 ng/ml)
8 weeks
  • Insulin resistance in smokers has normalized despite average weight gain of 2.7 kg (2010 SGR, page 384).
1 – 9 months
  • Any smoking related sinus congestion, fatigue or shortness of breath has decreased. Cilia have regrown in your trachea (windpipe) thereby increasing the ability to sweep dirt and mucus out of your lungs. Your body’s overall energy has increased.
1 year
5 years
  • Your risk of a subarachnoid hemorrhage has declined to 59% of your risk while still smoking (2012 study). If a female ex-smoker, your risk of developing diabetes is now that of a non-smoker (2001 study).
5 to 15 years
  • Your risk of stroke has declined to that of a non-smoker.
10 years
  • Your risk of being diagnosed with lung cancer is between 30% to 50% of that for a continuing smoker (2005 study). Risk of death from lung cancer has declined by almost half if you were an average smoker (one pack per day).  Risk of cancer of the mouth, throat, esophagus and pancreas have declined. Risk of developing diabetes for both men and women is now similar to that of a never-smoker (2001 study).
13 years
  • The average smoker lucky enough to live to age 75 has 5.8 fewer teeth than a non-smoker (1998 study). But by year 13 after quitting, your risk of smoking induced tooth loss has declined to that of a never-smoker (2006 study).
15 years
  • Your risk of coronary heart disease is now that of a person who has never smoked. Your risk of pancreatic cancer has declined to that of a never-smoker (2011 study – but note a 2nd pancreatic study making an identical finding at 20 years).
20 years
  • If a female, your excess risk of death from all smoking related causes, including lung disease and cancer, has now reduced to that of a never-smoker (2008 study). Risk of pancreatic cancer has also declined to that of a never-smoker (2011 study).”